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Infectious Diseases

Main Guidance and Information on Infectious Diseases

Important information and guidance on infectious diseases is presented here as it becomes available. These guidelines and information especially from the CDC is changing as the clinical situation warrants. Please check back frequently.

Policy

101 - Infectious Disease Control Measures

The purpose of this policy is to state the minimum standards for infection control measures that EMS providers must adhere to for every patient contact. EMS provider agencies may be more stringent on precaution standards as deemed appropriate. Click HERE to download the 101 - Infectious Disease Control Measures policy.

Transportation Plan

State of California Mutual Aid Region III Regional Infectious Disease Transportation Plan

Click HERE to download the Regional Infectious Disease Transportation Plan.

Ebola

Ebola: The Ripple Effects [INFOGRAPHIC]

The current Ebola outbreak ravaging West Africa is not the first of its kind, but it is the worst. As of November 2014, more than 13,000 people in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea have contracted the virus, and almost 5,000 people in these nations have already succumbed to it. Though the CDC reported that Ebola does not present a serious threat to the United States, the virus could infect as many as 1.4 million people in Sierra Leone and Liberia by the end of January 2015. But these startling numbers do not even begin to encompass the full scope of Ebola's impact on the state of public health in Africa.

The online Master of Public Health program, MPH@GW, created the graphic below to explain just a few of the ways Ebola's effects reverberate far beyond the immediate outbreak. Ebola will exacerbate existing public health problems such as malaria and HIV/AIDS, destabilize affected nations' already tenuous economies, orphan thousands of children and bring educational institutions to a screeching halt.

Click HERE to visit the MPH@GW Public Health website to find out more about sharing the infographic to help raise awareness of these catastrophic ripple effects.

California Department of Public Health Establishes Ebola Hotline

October 22, 2014 - SACRAMENTO - The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) has established an Ebola hotline call center to respond to public inquiries related to Ebola it was announced today by Dr. Ron Chapman, CDPH director and state health officer.

"This hotline has been set up and staffed to answer questions from those concerned about the possibility of Ebola in California," said Chapman. "Our goal is to be available to eliminate the mystery of this disease and offer the facts to Californians as the situation evolves. This is one in a series of steps we have taken in the last few months."

Click HERE to download the PDF.

University of California Medical Centers Identified as Priority Hospitals to Treat Confirmed Ebola Cases

October 24, 2014 - UC hospitals offer support, no reported cases in California

Oakland/Sacramento - Though there are no confirmed or suspect cases of Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) in California, today the University of California Office of the President informed the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) that all five UC Medical Centers are positioned to provide in - patient care for Californians who have confirmed cases of Ebola if necessary. CDPH continues working with health officials to prepare for potential cases of Ebola in California and the Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) is providing updated, specific guidelines on the protective equipment, training and other measures that must be in place to protect workers' health and safety.

Click HERE to download the PDF.

Managing your fear about Ebola

With news of a confirmed death from Ebola in the United States, many Americans are concerned about the potential impact of this disease. Until now most deaths have been within Africa. The tragic death of Thomas Duncan brings the risks of this dangerous virus closer to home.

For people with friends and family in African countries impacted by Ebola outbreaks, concern and anxiety may be magnified given the nature of the disease. It can be particularly difficult to watch events that may impact your loved ones unfold from a distance, resulting in feelings of helplessness.

While news coverage has raised awareness of the risks of Ebola, some reports have obscured some of the most important facts. Most notably, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reports that “Ebola poses no substantial risk to the U.S. general population.” Ebola is spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of people who are sick with or have died from the disease.

Click HERE to view the APA Help Center's information.

Letter from the Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)

In light of the recent presentation of an Ebola-positive patient in Texas, we wanted to remind all healthcare professionals that simple steps can be taken to prevent the spread of this disease.

Click HERE to read the full letter from the HHS.

Interim Guidance for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems and 9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) for Management of Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in the United States

Who this is for: Managers of 9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs), EMS Agencies, EMS systems, law enforcement agencies and fire service agencies as well as individual emergency medical services providers (including emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and medical first responders, such as law enforcement and fire service personnel).

What this is for: Guidance for handling inquiries and responding to patients with suspected Ebola symptoms, and for keeping workers safe.

How to use: Managers should use this information to understand and explain to staff how to respond and stay safe. Individual providers can use this information to respond to suspected Ebola patients and to stay safe.

Click HERE to access the Interim Guidance.

Detailed Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Checklist for Ebola Preparedness

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), in addition to other federal, state, and local partners, aim to increase understanding of Ebola and encourage U.S.-based EMS agencies and systems to prepare for managing patients with Ebola and other infectious diseases. Every EMS agency and system, including those that provide non-emergency and/or inter-facility transport, should ensure that their personnel can detect a person under investigation (PUI) for Ebola, protect themselves so they can safely care for the patient, and respond in a coordinated fashion. Many of the signs and symptoms of Ebola are non-specific and similar to those of other common infectious diseases such as malaria, which is commonly seen in West Africa. Transmission of Ebola can be prevented by using appropriate infection control measures.

Click HERE to download the checklist.

 

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